A steroid is a naturally occurring organic compound having four interlinked rings linked in a particular linear molecular structure. It is synthesized by breaking down the methionine residue that forms the base of steroids. Steroids also have two primary biological roles: as key elements of cellular membranes that change cellular fluidity and tissue permeability; and as signal molecules that activate other cells to produce growth and other biochemical responses. When taken as prescribed, a steroid helps to normalize a number of physiological changes that occur in the body, such as the reduction of symptoms in acne or asthma sufferers and increased energy levels and mental alertness. Steroid also has anabolic effects on the bones and muscles, promoting growth and development.
The structure of a steroid molecule is highly complex and consists of six carbon atoms, four hydrogen atoms bonded in a secondary structure called a peptide, and one nitrogen bonding to the carbon atoms in the ring structures. The sixth carbon atom of steroids is often referred to as the carotene, because it gives color to food. The other four carbon atoms in steroids have a negative charge and are either linked to other atoms or occupied in single or multiple shells by oxygen atoms. The structure of steroids also includes a number of inactive rings between the carbon atoms and the peptide chains. The ring structures are such that when a molecule of steroids is broken down in the laboratory, some of its chemical bonds are released as free radicals, which can damage other molecules and DNA strands in the body. These free radicals can cause serious disease effects, such as cancer, when they attack healthy cells.
The most common steroid molecule is a steroidal ester, which consists of two carbon atoms that are linked by Electrodial Clusters. There are several esters that contain five carbon atoms and a single hydrogen atom. One example of this type of steroidal ester is vitamin D3. Another steroid ester is stearic acid, which has two carbon atoms that are attached to an oxygen atom.
An important steroid nucleus is called the gonane. The gonad is a ring of electron atoms around a lone hydrogen atom. Gonane steroids are used to stimulate growth, and in particular to increase body mass and muscle strength. This type of steroid nucleus is called a non-esteripogenic steroid.
In the 1980’s the athletes who used steroids gained an unfair advantage over the rest of the sportsmen, who did not use steroids. The use of steroids gave them thicker muscles, and longer endurance times. They were faster, stronger, and were able to recover from injuries more quickly. Unfortunately, the use of steroids was widespread among American athletes, and it became a well-known sport’s dirty secret. After a few years, it was revealed that long-term use of steroids could result in heart disease, cataract, and breast cancer.
Because of the serious side effects that can occur from long-term steroid use, many different treatment options are available for people who suffer from steroid abuse. Steroid injections are often used in order to reduce pain, swelling, and inflammation which occur in patients who regularly take steroids. Anti-anxiety medication and antidepressant medications are also available for those who suffer from anxiety, depression, irritability, and mood swings, which can be alleviated by the use of steroids. In recent years, many different herbal remedies have been developed to counteract the negative side effects of steroids.
This content is contributed by Guestomatic